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Magnesium Connection®


There is a lot of information available about the value of Magnesium in the body and why different forms or delivery methods are preferred – generally tied to financial positions by the authors or their specific, sometimes narrow, fields of research. While we certainly would love for you to buy our products, we want yours to be an informed purchase. Consumer purchases resulting from an online blog or forum commentator stating “you absolutely must buy this magnesium!” is problematic and in many cases these commentators are highly irresponsible in saying so. Put simply, it is highly unlikely for an online commentator, no matter their background or credentials, to obtain all necessary information to make an informed, competent recommendation to a consumer regarding health and disease.

Before purchasing our products, we want you to have a grasp of the true wisdom behind magnesium and its effect on the sacred instrument that is the Human Body.

Supplementation is something that completes or enhances something else when added to it.

There are many studies, reports, tests, and theories regarding the intracellular concentrations of calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium (among other things) and the impact abundance or deficiency can have on conditions of the body. Also to be considered is the correlation between intracellular and serum (blood) levels and how differing levels affect the organs and processes that keep us running at peak performance! Magnesium is a mineral with important functions in the body such as antiarrhythmic effect, actions in vascular tone, contractility, glucose metabolism, and insulin homeostasis. In addition, lower concentrations of magnesium are associated with oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory conditions, endothelial dysfunction, platelet aggregation, insulin resistance, and hyperglycemia.

Understanding the general mechanisms of action in the body when magnesium is involved will help you better understand many concepts such as why rubbing magnesium oil into your sore muscles brings relief and why a foot soak with magnesium oil helps you get a restful night’s sleep. In this treatise we will discuss magnesium’s role in the various body systems including physical, mental, emotional and spiritual, symptoms and contraindications, calcium and other minerals, and delivery methods.

A common misconception propagated in today’s supplement industry is “if some is good- more is better!” This mentality frequently results in people wasting valuable resources on supplements with little regard for the physical impact these products have on the body and its systems. The wisdom of magnesium is this simple: “if some is good- is there enough?!”

That being said, it is virtually impossible to address every interaction between supplements, combinations of supplements, herbs, over-the-counter products, or prescriptions in this treatise. For this reason, we highly recommend every person taking medications ask their pharmacist, the one trained in this area, if there are any contra-indications with our products and any prescriptions being taken.

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General Information

  • Magnesium is found within every cell of the human body 
  • Is a cofactor in over 300 enzymatic reactions 
  • Is essential to the basic nucleic acid chemistry of life, through the interaction between phosphate and magnesium ions
  • Is essential to all living organisms
  • Is vital for every system of the body
  • Is linked to other minerals such as Calcium, Potassium, and Sodium
  • Every body system requires magnesium

Because of the important interaction between phosphate and magnesium ions, magnesium is essential to the basic nucleic acid chemistry of life, and thus is essential to all living organisms.

Magnesium is found within every human cell and is commonly considered a natural "calcium antagonist" and counter ion for energy-rich ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and nucleic acids. ATP is used in cells as a coenzyme and is often called the "molecular unit of currency" of intracellular energy transfer as it transports chemical energy within cells for metabolism. Magnesium antagonizes calcium-dependent release of acetylcholine, is a cofactor in over three hundred enzymatic reactions and critically stabilizes enzymes, including many ATP-generating reactions. ATP is required universally for glucose utilization, synthesis of fat, proteins, nucleic acids and coenzymes, muscle contraction, and many other processes. Interference with magnesium metabolism also influences these functions. ATP metabolism, muscle contraction, and relaxation, normal neurological function, and release of neurotransmitters are all magnesium dependent. Magnesium has been recognized as contributing to the regulation of vascular tone, heart rhythm, platelet-activated thrombosis, and bone formation. In muscle contraction, magnesium stimulates calcium re-uptake by the calcium-activated ATPase (adenosine triphosphatase).

There are two very general areas of the body where magnesium is found and that can be measured – extracellular and intracellular. Extracellular (outside the cells) magnesium accounts for approximately 1% of total body magnesium and is primarily found in serum and red blood cells (RBCs). Intracellular (inside the cells) magnesium accounts for 99% of total body magnesium in humans. Concentrations range from 5-20 mmol/L (millimoles per liter); 1-5% is ionized (the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge); the remainder is bound to proteins, negatively charged molecules, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

It is difficult to understand why physicians rely so heavily on serum levels of magnesium to determine deficiency in the body when the volume of magnesium in the blood is so low. The better option would be intracellular spectroscopy which is a reliable noninvasive method using rapidly metabolizing sublingual epithelial cells under Analytical Scanning Electron Microscopy to reflect fast tissue changes of vital mineral electrolytes. This test provides results that correlate with heart, muscle, and deep organ tissue but there is no correlation with the blood. Essential mineral electrolytes are most prominent in epithelial tissue not in blood. As stated, 99% of magnesium is found in soft tissue and only 1% is found in blood. This test assists the practitioner with diagnosis, treatment protocols, management of heart disease, and other complex conditions where mineral electrolyte deficiency or imbalance is confirmed. When the appropriate tests are utilized to determine accurately the state of the body and treated, the quality of life can be greatly improved.

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Body Systems

Depending on the source one uses, the body systems are divided into up to ten different systems. For our purposes, we will be combining some because they are so interconnected that separating them could be redundant. The systems we will be discussing are:

  • Respiratory System
  • Musculoskeletal (Locomotor) System
  • Nervous System
  • Immune System
  • Digestive / Excretory Systems
  • Cardiovascular (Circulatory) System
  • Integumentary System
  • Endocrine / Reproductive Systems

Magnesium is required within every system of the human body and magnesium deficiency (sometimes including hypomagnesaemia, which is an abnormally low concentration of serum magnesium levels) is likely to result in subtle – or even drastic – imbalance and illness within each system. While not a body system, we will also discuss the impact of magnesium on the mental, emotional, and spiritual states of the human experience.

Structural functions of magnesium include:

  • Proteins structure
  • Polyribosome structure and stability
  • Nucleic acid formation
  • Multiple enzyme complexes and functions
  • Mitochondria energy production and stability
  • Constituent in bone

Calcium antagonists, also known as calcium channel blockers, disrupt the movement of calcium through calcium channels. As magnesium is a calcium antagonist, its impact on the body includes:

  • Muscle contraction/relaxation
  • Neurotransmitter release
  • Action potential conduction in nodal tissue (a small mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers)

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Respiratory System

Respiration is fundamental to all life on earth and the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, in addition to several other gases, is absolutely critical to human life in particular. The system by which effective transfer of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases to and from the bloodstream is referred to as the Respiratory System and constitutes the lungs and primary airways from the mouth and nostrils.

The functional Respiratory System utilizes an intricate play of muscle and bone tissue for respiration in general. The diaphragm, in addition to several other thoracic muscle groups, constricts and relaxes and is stimulated by the sympathetic nervous system via the release and re-uptake of neurotransmitters required to produce steady rhythmic breathing essential to life. As the diaphragm contracts, it expands the thoracic cavities, drawing air into the lungs (inhalation), soon followed by the natural elastic recoil of the muscle tissue that forces air out of the lungs (exhalation).

With such a dynamic array of neuromuscular activity associated with the simple act of breathing, it is easy to observe how sufficient intracellular magnesium levels are critical to proper respiratory function. Without adequate magnesium concentrations (modulating the release of acetylcholine) in the muscle and nerve tissues responsible for diaphragmatic contraction and relaxation, sufficient relaxation may not fully occur, which may lead to abnormal shortness of breath and other complaints associate with respiratory muscle tension.

In addition to aiding in overall respiratory muscle and thoracic bone health and maintenance, the “full belly breath”, Yoga breathing, and other deep-breathing exercises, are intended to expel deeply seated carbon dioxide gas from the lungs and expand the upper lobes of the lungs. Adequate intracellular magnesium, required by every muscle in the human body for relaxation, is crucial when full exhalation is needed. Shortness of breath and restricted breathing is prevalent in today’s modern environment and especially in sedentary lifestyles deplete in regular physical exercise and exertion requiring deep breathing. In addition to the numerous benefits of a healthy lifestyle that includes regular (daily) physical exercise and a diet naturally rich in nutrients, vitamins and minerals, intracellular magnesium is essential for adequate neuromuscular modulation of respiratory gases and gaseous transfer.

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Musculoskeletal (Locomotor) System

Often separated academically into their respective systems (e.g. the Muscular System, Skeletal System), the Musculoskeletal System is made up of the body's bones (the skeleton), muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, and other connective tissue that supports and binds tissues and organs together. The musculoskeletal system's primary functions include supporting the body, allowing motion, and protecting vital organs. The skeletal portion of the system serves as the main storage system for calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium and contains critical components of the hematopoietic system, which is the system of organs and tissues involved in the production of blood cellular components such as corpuscles (red blood cell) and leukocytes (immune “white” blood cells).

The bulk concentration of intracellular magnesium within the body is found in muscle and bone tissue, where stores of magnesium, calcium, potassium, and numerous other metal ions and trace elements are kept and utilized by the body. Unlike other essential minerals stored in bone tissue, however, very little magnesium is actually bioavailable from bone mineral composition.

In addition to phosphorous, calcium, sodium, and potassium, magnesium is critical in maintaining bone structure (as a surface substituent of the hydroxyapatite mineral component in bone) and aids in proper calcification. These also include magnesium’s functions as a necessary electrolyte needed for proper cellular repair and general muscle recovery following exercise. In sports medicine, the effect of magnesium supplementation has been shown to increase workload duration and enhance membrane function (shown by decreased release of muscle enzymes into serum), in addition to the general decrease in muscle recovery time following exercise. Magnesium’s effect on membrane function and stability is produced by binding of magnesium to the phosphate groups of phospholipids on cell and organelle membranes, effectively stabilizing afflicted membranes from exercise-induced injury.

As a calcium antagonist, magnesium plays a crucial role in the restriction and regulation of calcium dependent acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction. The release of acetylcholine is essential for effective muscle contraction in every muscle in the body. Magnesium is a key component in temporarily closing the gated calcium-ion channels that stimulate the release of acetylcholine, allowing residual acetylcholine to be rapidly metabolized by the enzyme acetylcholinesterase into its constituent elements and allowing the cells of the muscle fiber a period of “rest” before being stimulated into contraction again. This is the primary physiological mechanism behind the "relaxation" effect of magnesium.

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Nervous System

The human Nervous System is divided into the Central Nervous System (CNS), containing the brain and spinal column, and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS), which consists mainly of nerves that connect the CNS to every other part of the body.

Magnesium plays an important role in neural conduction in the nervous system with its main mechanism of action appearing to be via a voltage-gated antagonist action at the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor, which is a glutamate receptor and is the predominant molecular device for controlling synaptic plasticity and memory function. Recent studies have indicated the use of NMDA receptor antagonists, including magnesium, in the protection of the central nervous system from ischaemia (a restriction in blood supply to nerves and tissues that may cause a shortage of oxygen and glucose needed for cellular metabolism).

The applications for magnesium regarding the Nervous System exhibit particular focus on neuromuscular processes, including the release and modulation of various neurotransmitters throughout the body, and in cellular stability and membrane adhesion. The essential interplay of metal ions, including magnesium, calcium, sodium, and potassium, in addition to many other trace metals within nerve tissues is not only fundamental to proper nerve communication and function; it is required. Illness arising from deficiency in any of these common ions, particularly magnesium, may manifest anywhere throughout the Nervous System.

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Immune System

This system includes all immune cells, such as leukocytes, and processes by which the human body maintains its integrity and defensibility against invasive exogenic pathogens as well as endogenic imbalances in flora and cellular regeneration. Often referred to as stand-alone in function, the Immune System is actually intrinsically tied to both the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems, which provide the effective vehicles for active leukocyte transport as well as necessary nutrient supply to bone marrow wherein immune cells are formed.

As an alkaline earth metal, magnesium is used together with calcium, sodium, and potassium in modulating and maintaining optimum serum pH levels. Processed foods, stress (producing cortisol and other corticosteroids), dehydration, and other factors effectively increase acidity within the body's interstitial fluids, decreasing serum pH levels, which – in turn – decreases effective immune response to infectious pathogens and unhealthy imbalances in "friendly-flora" organisms within the human body. Both calcium and magnesium are the primary pH “buffer” minerals used by the body to regulate interstitial pH levels.

As a structural component in various intra and extracellular enzymatic functions, magnesium is essential to effective mobilization and maintenance of leukocytes such as neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil, and other granulocytic “white” blood cells. Magnesium’s vascular toning attributes – including localized vasodilation when used topically – aid the immune response in the delivery of motile leukocytes to afflicted and other target regions of the body.

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Digestive / Excretory Systems

From the tongue and salivary glands to the excretory organs, this complex system of digestion, filtration and excretion is critical to the necessary absorption of the vast majority of fluids, vitamins, nutrients, and minerals required for every bodily process. Some of the organs in this system include the stomach, intestinal tract (such as the large and small intestines, spleen, gallbladder, appendix, and rectum), as well as the liver, kidneys, and urinary tract.

Magnesium has been attributed in both modern and eclectic medicinal practices to be effective laxative and mild antacid treatments. Daily recommendations for dietary intake of magnesium from food vary widely, but an approximate 365-425 mg/day dietary intake is recommended. However, due to magnesium’s hygroscopic and laxative nature, it is estimated that a relatively small percentage (reportedly 10-24%) of total ingested supplemental magnesium is absorbed through the bowel, depending on the form of magnesium supplemented, the method of delivery, and bioavailability of the applicable molecule. Magnesium that is not absorbed within the large and small intestines is excreted in fecal matter.

Despite the increasing popularity of oral magnesium supplementation, bowel sensitivity due to prolonged usage of any laxative substance has been reportedly indicated as a common side effect of oral magnesium in every form. Magnesium deficiency is typically treated in the medical field via intravenous application of magnesium, often in conjunction with various saline and mineral solutions, which bypasses the gut and utilizes the kidneys for filtration of excess magnesium and better retention of serum concentrations. A small percentage of total magnesium filtered through the kidneys is excreted through the urine.

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Cardiovascular (Circulatory) System

Often referred to as the “Circulatory System”, vital nutrients, minerals, oxygen, and other essential molecules are pumped by the heart to every cell in the body through the intricate system of veins, arteries, and capillaries that comprise the core Cardiovascular System. This system additionally includes the primary lymphatic vessels and nodes and is often referred to in conjunction with, and sometimes includes, the Immune System due to motile leukocyte dependency on circulation and interstitial accessibility.

Magnesium’s application in the regulation of gated calcium-ion channels within muscles and at neuromuscular junctions, the requirements of magnesium in ATP production, as well as release of acetylcholine, makes it a crucial element in proper cardiovascular modulation and vascular-tone maintenance.

The mechanisms of excitation-contraction coupling for cardiac muscle is the same as that for skeletal muscle, but with a very different second effect specific to cardiac muscle particularly. For adequate excitation and contraction of cardio muscle fibers, large quantities of extra calcium ions are required at the time of action potential in the heart, without which the strength of cardiac muscle contraction would be considerably reduced due to its inability to store enough calcium to provide full contraction. Adequate use and channeling of calcium ions throughout every excitation, contraction, and rest phases within cardiac muscle depends on crucial intracellular magnesium concentrations in cardiac muscle tissue, as well as proper extracellular calcium concentrations in serum and other interstitial fluids. Because of cardiac muscles’ inability to store extra calcium, the role magnesium plays in regulating calcium re-uptake is essential to cardiac muscle health and endurance.

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Integumentary System

The word “integument” refers to the massive organ system commonly referred to as Skin and all its integral layers, such as the dermis, epidermis, fascia, myofascia, and adipose tissues.

Magnesium modulates insulin signal transduction and cell proliferation and is important for cell adhesion and transmembrane transport of other metal ions, including transport of potassium and calcium. It also maintains the conformation of nucleic acids and is essential for the structural function of proteins and mitochondria. These are some of the universal attributes that carry into fascia and myofascia as well as dermis and epidermis cellular structure and function.

Transdermal (through the skin) application of magnesium is fast becoming recognized as the most effective delivery method (after intravenous ) for magnesium supplementation, with the order of effectiveness being foot soak and tub soak for significant intracellular increase and mild supplemental increase from topical spray, anointing or massage. When magnesium is applied transdermally, local vasodilation occurs and allows for the rapid delivery of magnesium to sore muscular tissues for quick, spot-specific relief.

The concept of transdermal application of medicine is not new. Various transdermal “patches” used medically include the use of nicotine, hormone therapy and treatments, sleeping aids, etc. to utilize the skin and underlying blood stream to deliver prescription medications at controlled doses. Indigenous and traditional medicinal practices involve the use of poultices, creams, and oils to stimulate various healing processes. Transdermal magnesium uses the same delivery methods to benefit the cells without the digestive upset ingested magnesium can cause.

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Endocrine / Reproductive Systems

The Endocrine System refers to the glands and organs whose function it is to secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream to be carried to distant organs and organ systems. The Reproductive System refers to the sexual and reproductive organs specifically and these two systems, both Endocrine and Reproductive, have been conjoined here because of their inseparable interrelationships and functions.

Magnesium is required for numerous enzymatic processes within the human body, many of which play crucial roles in the maintenance and manipulation of androgenic and other steroid hormones including testosterone and various estrogens.

In obstetrics, magnesium has been suggested in the prophylactic treatment of eclampsia and as an anticonvulsant. The precise site of action of magnesium in eclampsia is not known, however, but – experimentally – magnesium has been shown to block certain glutamate channels through which calcium enters the cell and causes neuronal damage during cerebral ischaemia.

Magnesium’s direct effect on neuromuscular activity and muscular contraction make it especially significant in the treatment of severe menstrual cramping and anxiety. During pregnancy the mother-to-be is well advised to use magnesium in foot or tub soaks daily to restore her magnesium levels and benefit the baby. Current studies indicate that when a mother’s magnesium levels are adequate, the risk of cerebral palsy and other maladies in the new born are greatly reduced.

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The Modern Magnesium Deficit

How Does This Happen?

In the information above you learned why we need magnesium in every system of the body along with the respective mechanisms of action and system interconnections. Because heart disease is the single greatest cause of death in developed countries, with the United States ranking 135 out of 192, more studies are performed on this condition than any other and is the easiest to obtain statistical data. Magnesium deficiency is common in the United States and other developed countries where epidemiological studies trace the prevalence of cardiovascular disease and cardiac death to a degree of magnesium depletion induced by a diet rich in highly processed foods and also drinking water low in magnesium, such as softened and distilled water.

Documented causes of magnesium deficiency include:

  • Reduced dietary intake
  • Poor gastrointestinal absorption
  • Increased losses from the gastrointestinal tract via diarrhea, vomiting, and prolonged laxative use
  • Increased renal losses due to congenital or acquired tubular defects, diabetes mellitus, and alcoholism
  • Drug-induced deficiency due to use of diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, aminoglycosides, amphotericin, cyclosporine, and cisplatin
  • Increased physical requirements from bone and muscle growth and repair, and also from pregnancy
  • Excessive sweating

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Symptoms of Deficiency

Clinical manifestations of magnesium deficiency and hypomagnesaemia (abnormally low serum magnesium levels) include:


  • Muscle weakness
  • Tremors
  • Muscle fasciculation (twitching)
  • Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)


  • Arrhythmias
  • ECG changes

Central Nervous System

  • Depression
  • Agitation
  • Psychosis
  • Nystagmus (involuntary eye movement, e.g. “dancing eyes”)
  • Seizures


  • Hypokalemia (lower-than-normal amount of potassium in the blood)
  • Hypocalcaemia (low serum calcium levels in the blood)

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Symptoms of Excess

The kidneys play a crucial role in magnesium homeostasis and in advanced chronic kidney disease (diagnosable) the compensatory mechanisms start to become inadequate and hypermagnesaemia may develop. Symptomatic hypermagnesaemia may be caused by excessive oral administration of magnesium salts or magnesium-containing drugs such as some laxatives and antacids, particularly when used in combination in the elderly and when renal function declines. In addition, hypermagnesaemia may be iatrogenic (relating to illness caused by medical examination or treatment), when magnesium is medically given as an infusion for the treatment of seizure prophylaxis in eclampsia or erroneously in high doses for medical magnesium supplementation.

Clinical manifestations of excess magnesium and hypermagnesaemia (abnormally high serum magnesium levels) include:


  • Loss of deep tendon reflexes
  • Muscle weakness
  • Decreased uterine tone


  • Hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • Flushing

Central Nervous System

  • Slurred speech
  • Lethargy


  • Paralytic ileus (gastrointestinal paralysis)
  • Nausea

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As with all medicinal substances, there are some circumstances wherein magnesium should be avoided. Transdermal magnesium supplementation bypasses gut absorption and is processed through the kidneys primarily. Under normal conditions (e.g. with optimal renal function), any excess serum magnesium, as also any magnesium-rich waste matter carried by the blood, is effectively filtered, processed, and reabsorbed by the kidneys or excreted through the urinary tract.

Universal contraindications for magnesium supplementation of any kind include diagnosed Kidney (renal) Failure and other acute forms of uraemia (kidney dysfunction manifesting diagnosable symptoms). We cannot emphasize enough that it is strongly recommended that individuals seeking relief from diagnosed kidney-related illness first consult their physician and/or healthcare practitioner before using any nutritional, medicinal and/or dietary supplement – especially magnesium.

This report should educate the reader as to just how powerful ingested and transdermal applications of prescriptions (medicinal patches), lotions, creams, over-the-counter drugs, herbal remedies, etc. are and when the kidneys are failing they may no longer have the capacity to filter excesses from the body. Regulating the balance between electrolyte input and output is one of the most important renal functions and in the case of diagnosed kidney (renal) failure and disease; it is extremely unwise to burden the laboring system with any more work than already exists. When the kidneys are not fully functioning there is an increased risk of system malfunction. While Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Oil is used intravenously in dialysis treatments, under carefully controlled medical procedure and direction, poorly regulated mineral supplementation under these circumstances may produce significant detrimental effects.

We know you are a responsible consumer and understand that when a diagnosis is presented, fear often follows. This is perfectly normal, despite the stress that often accompanies the situation. While close friends, family, colleagues, and other people are well-intentioned and feel they have much information to share regarding your condition, please remember that they are neither you nor your healthcare practitioner and are likely ill-qualified to make competent recommendations. The best counsel we can offer is to do your research, ask questions, and allow intuition and experience to lead you to the answers directly, or to the competent people who have the answers and competence you need.

Additionally, magnesium’s reported applications in treating arrhythmia and other cardiac complaints has made it a common mineral supplement of choice for these conditions, but complications may arise in patients undergoing medical treatment for cardiac disorder and blood pressure regulation. As with the use of any supplement or medicine under these conditions, medicinal supplementation of magnesium should be cleared by a physician, or other healthcare provider, overseeing the particular treatment to reduce the risk of unwanted interactions between magnesium and medications associated with the treatment. It is always best to consult with your pharmacist for any contraindications with prescriptions, over-the-counter products, supplements, herbs, vitamins, etc. as they are the ones trained in this field. Do not make the mistake of assuming everything you can purchase without a prescription is not without potential interaction with other products and possibly dangerous. Herbs, for example, are beautiful – even aromatic – yet they, by design, can be as powerful as any medicine prescribed by your physician and many drugs used today were originally made from herbs. Make sure your physician and pharmacist know about every supplement you are taking or using. It is worth noting that drug studies are done for single drugs only, yet many people are on multiple drugs and it is virtually impossible for any physician, pharmacist, or drug company to predict what the possible side effects of the plethora of combinations could be.

If one insists on ingesting (consuming) magnesium supplements, be aware of the potential for dehydration, loss of electrolytes, laxative dependency, stomach and bowel irritation, etc. We are huge advocates of colonic health and ingesting magnesium is simply the least effective delivery method for increasing intracellular magnesium levels while simultaneously exhibiting definite side-effects that often prove detrimental to overall intestinal health and vitality!

For example: In medicine, magnesium oxide is often used as an antacid for relief of heartburn and sour stomach, a mild magnesium supplement (although only four to ten percent of the amount listed on the supplement label is actually absorbed by the body due to its severely limited bioavailability), and as a short-term laxative. It is also used to improve symptoms of indigestion. However, when taken repeatedly and in conjunction with other antacid substances and medications, magnesium oxide has been reported to coat the interior membranes of the intestinal tract and inhibit healthy intestinal function. Under these conditions, side effects of magnesium oxide may include nausea and cramping. In quantities sufficient to obtain a laxative effect, side effects of long-term use include enteroliths resulting in possible bowel obstruction.

As a supplement, magnesium stearate contains hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oil and is added to many supplements as a lubricant in the manufacturing process. When multiplied, one could be consuming a considerable amount of hydrogenated oil over the course of a year.

Exhibiting none of the intestinal irritant or laxative effects, transdermal magnesium is so effective a delivery method that, when using the Magnesium Oil in a foot or tub soak, extreme relaxation may occur leaving you unsteady. Please stand up or step out of the bathtub carefully!

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Magnesium & Other Minerals

Magnesium is an essential electrolyte and necessary in conjunction with calcium, potassium, sodium, as well as phosphorous and many trace elements found in mineral and saline compounds. It is highly prized amongst athletes, usually in combination with zinc, for its effects on strength endurance and muscle recovery, especially when accompanied by adequate hydration. Electrolytes are important for every cell in the body and absolutely required for proper cellular function. These are critical in allowing cells to generate energy, are important in controlling fluid movements, providing minerals essential for excitability, secretory activity, membrane permeability, and general cellular activity. They generate electricity, contract muscles, move water and fluids within the body, and participate in myriad other activities.

The concentration of electrolytes in the body is controlled by a variety of hormones, most of which are manufactured in the kidney and the adrenal glands. Sensors in specialized kidney cells monitor the amount of sodium, potassium, and water in the bloodstream. The body functions normally in a very narrow range of concentrations, and it is hormones like renin (made in the kidney), angiotensin (from the lung, brain, and heart), aldosterone (from the adrenal gland), and antidiuretic hormone (from the pituitary) that keep the electrolyte balance within those normal limits.

Electrolytes may be lost from the body via perspiration, feces, vomiting, and urine. Many gastrointestinal disorders (including gastrointestinal suction) cause dehydration as does diuretic therapy and major tissue trauma, such as burns. As a result, some people may experience hypomagnesaemia, too little magnesium in the blood stream. Some deficiencies have to do with dietary deficiencies, inability of the intestines to absorb the mineral, or due to increased excretion. Oral magnesium supplementation, as previously mentioned, can be the culprit for the intestine’s inability to absorb magnesium and may actually cause, in part, the loss of necessary electrolytes due to its hygroscopic and muscle relaxing properties. As ingested magnesium reaches the intestines, water is drawn from the other cells in the body to the large intestine while the peristaltic muscles are being relaxed. This creates the effect of reduced constriction and added fluid. It should be noted that not all laxatives behave in the same way. Some work to stimulate the peristaltic muscles to “move things along” and this can result in cramping. Caution should always be used when administering laxatives, purgatives, and cathartics.

Hypermagnesaemia describes too much magnesium in the blood stream and most often occurs in those with diagnosed kidney disease in which the excretion of magnesium is limited. In these individuals, unregulated magnesium supplementation in general may result in elevated serum magnesium levels. Since the absorption and excretion of magnesium is linked to other electrolytes, other diseases may be associated with high magnesium levels, including diabetic ketoacidosis, adrenal insufficiency, and hyperparathyroidism.

Below is a chart of the common elements in the human body and their purpose.

Element Atomic Symbol Approx. % Body Mass* Functions
MAJOR (96.1%)
Oxygen O 65 A major component of both organic (carbon-containing) and inorganic (non-carbon-containing) molecules; as a gas, it is needed for the production of cellular energy (ATP)
Carbon C 18.5 A primary component of all organic molecules, which include carbohydrates, lipids (fats), proteins, and nucleic acids
Hydrogen H 9.5 A component of all organic molecules; as an ion (proton), it influences the pH of body fluids
Nitrogen N 3.2 A component of proteins and nucleic acids (genetic material)
LESSER (3.9%)
Calcium Ca 1.5 Found as a salt in bones and teeth; its ionic (Ca 2+) form is required for muscle contraction, conduction of nerve impulses, and blood clotting
Phosphorus P 1 Part of calcium phosphate salts in bones and teeth; also present in nucleic acids; part of ATP
Potassium K 0.4 Its ion (K +) is the major positive ion (cation) in cells; necessary for conduction of nerve impulses and muscle contraction
Sulfur S 0.3 Component of proteins, particularly muscle proteins
Sodium Na 0.2 As an ion (Na +), sodium is the major positive ion found in extracellular fluids (fluids outside of cells); important of water balance, conduction of nerve impulses, and muscle contraction
Chlorine Cl 0.2 Ionic chlorine (Cl -) is the most abundant negative ion (anion) in extracellular fluids
Magnesium Mg 0.1 Present in bone; also an important cofactor in a number of metabolic reactions
Iodine I 0.1 Needed to make functional thyroid hormones
Iron Fe 0.1 Component of hemoglobin (which transports oxygen within red blood cells) and some enzymes
Chromium (Cr); cobalt (Co); copper (Cu); fluorine (F); manganese (Mn); molybdenum (Mo); selenium (Se); silicon (Si); tin (Sn); vanadium (V); zinc (Zn)
These elements are referred to as trace elements because they are required in very minute amounts; many are found as part of enzymes or are required for enzyme activation.
*Percentage of "wet" body mass; includes water.

The below chart reflects the mechanism of action inside the cells when magnesium increases and calcium decreases in three common diseases.

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Calcium is essential for all living organisms, particularly in cell physiology, where movement of calcium ions into and out of cytoplasm functions as a signal for many cellular processes. As a major material used in mineralization of bone, teeth, and shells, calcium is the most abundant metal by mass in many animals.

Proper utilization and modulation of calcium requires adequate serum and intracellular concentrations of magnesium. The two separate ions compete for various receptors in neuromuscular junctions and cells, as well as in other intracellular processes that involve gated calcium-ion channels.

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The Magnesium vs. Calcium Controversy

Upon first embarking on the casual online or literary search for possible relief from ailments related to calcium or magnesium deficiency, the average American consumer is immediately affronted with the “Magnesium versus Calcium Controversy.” This is a paradigm that is easily equated to a veritable battle of marketing wherein competitors face-off with one-sided, digested, and/or popularized science featuring a single favorite author within the field. Such widely varying schools of thought and research regarding these two essential minerals provide the platform for extensive debate, often leaving the consumer stranded in a state of confusion that usually results in tentative decision-making at best that is usually relegated to mere price-comparison. This is a poorly informed purchase that often results in consumers obtaining low-quality products that produce nominal benefits. The argument about magnesium versus calcium is too exhausting and therefore pricing alone becomes the deciding factor for the casual inquirer.

A prevalent factor in modern marketing strategies regarding the Magnesium/Calcium Controversy is blatant disregard for the amazing complexities of systems and processes in the human body that enable the proper use of these two minerals specifically. As an example: current medical practice and policy dictates that even a mild infection must be treated with antibiotic medication, regardless of the body’s intrinsic potential to fend off the invader itself and acquire necessary immunity against future infections. The result of this prevalent medical practice in the face of infectious disease is very often an inevitable dependence on future antibiotic treatment for recurring cases. When observing this medical approach to the Immune System and comparing it to popular marketing practices surrounding calcium and magnesium supplementation, it’s easy to see the similarities in both circumstances; the body is ignored and only the marked focus on the product is maintained.

We at Health and Wisdom acknowledge and applaud the phenomenal intrinsic intelligence within the human body!

Common questions that emerge during a casual search include: “Is the three-to-one calcium over magnesium supplement ratio correct, or is it reversed?” “How much calcium and magnesium should I take?” “Should they be taken together or separately?” “Will too much of one counteract the other?” “What kind of calcium should I take?” and the list of questions goes on.

Point-of-fact is that the human body requires large quantities of both calcium and magnesium on a daily basis to function properly. In most cases, the answer for many calcium-use questions is fairly simple; when adequate dietary and/or supplemental intake is maintained, ratios for serum and intracellular calcium are carefully regulated automatically within the human body. Yes, there are conditions and ailments caused by too high or too low a concentration of overall body calcium, but between these marks, the actual calcium-magnesium ratios are as closely regulated by the body as those of potassium and sodium. Calcium and magnesium are the primary pH buffer minerals for regulating acidity within interstitial fluids, thus the serum concentrations of calcium naturally rise and fall proportionately with eating, hydration, sleep, exercise, etc. An exact “ratio-match” is virtually impossible under normal circumstances involving daily life activities and food consumption, regardless of the romantic notion that such-and-such a product supports “the ratio”.

In conclusion, the key to maintaining the “the ratio” is not a matter of supplementing a certain amount of calcium over magnesium, but rather it is a matter of supporting the body’s ability to regulate “the ratio” by ensuring there is ample daily calcium and magnesium supplementation. Providing the body the tools it needs to maintain effective homeostasis is crucial in promoting health and increasing vitality on many fronts and the key matter becomes finding the purest, most bio-available tools for the body to use. The body’s wisdom is immense and should never be taken for granted!

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Potassium and Sodium

In humans, sodium is an essential nutrient that regulates blood volume, blood pressure, osmotic equilibrium, and pH. Potassium cations are important in neuron (brain and nerve) function, and in influencing osmotic balance between cells and the interstitial fluid. Potassium is a major cation (positive ion) inside animal cells, while sodium is a major cation outside animal cells. The concentration differences of these charged particles cause a difference in electric potential between the inside and outside of cells, known as the membrane potential. The balance between potassium and sodium is maintained by ion transporters in the cell membrane.

In conjunction with magnesium and calcium, potassium and sodium provide for the essential bulk of electrolytic functions within the human body. All ions are electrolytes; substances that conduct an electrical current in solution. When a favorite appliance or electric tool has a loose wire it ceases to work at its maximum potential. Of course you can stand on one foot and wiggle the wire “just right” to make it work, but it still is not the most efficient method. Imagine your entire system “short circuiting” due to decreased electrolytes. Proper hydration, diet, exercise, supplementation, thought processes – everything matters.

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Trace Minerals 

Trace minerals (or elements) are any element that is required in minute quantities for physiological functioning. Many of these cannot be made by the human body yet are vital for our existence. While very small quantities are required it is possible to consume too many. One of the best sources of trace minerals is through Real Salt that is an all-natural, unrefined sea salt harvested from an ancient ocean or seabed. Real salt contains more than 60 trace minerals in their natural, unrefined state that are usable by the human body.

Some options for this would be Redmond Real Salt – from Central Utah in the U.S., Celtic – derived from oceans, and Himalayan salts – prepared and shipped from Pakistan (shipping is expensive). Please do not confuse any of these products with the chemical table salt (sodium chloride) that is in many kitchens today!

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Magnesium’s Impact on the Rest of You 

As with all nutrients, therapeutic supplementation in every form may constitute both subtle and noticeable impact on the body and its systems. While magnesium plays vital roles in aiding the body’s ability to sustain good health and vitality, an understanding of some of the basic impact everyday life has on the system and the correlation of magnesium is advisable.

Stress and Stressors

Often misrepresented contextually as a disease rather than a symptom, stress is actually the result or end-product of the natural “Fight-or-Flight” response inherent in all intelligent life and constitutes actual physiological strain on individual cells, cellular functions, and systems within the body. According to some studies, it is theorized that in many instances nearly every sensory stimulus received by the brain is converted into a single language: survival. Primordial instinct and pre-conditioned neural pathways further refine this signal into one of two neurological branches that are intended to preserve and propagate the species, respectively triggering complex chemical reactions within the pituitary and adrenal glands that flood various systems of the body. These branches comprise a pleasure response or a fight-or-flight response, the latter of which is responsible for increased production of adrenaline and, most specifically, cortisol.

Cortisol is widely attributed as one of the key hormones responsible for the drastic increase in cellular metabolism and energy redirection that plays key roles in our body’s ability to respond to fight-or-flight from long and short-term stimuli. Physical and emotional stimuli such as trauma, perceived threat, anxiety, and injury trigger the production of cortisol to allow for temporary increases in metabolism, muscle endurance, and energy. However, where anciently such stimuli would have been addressed by an accompanying act of extreme physical exertion (e.g. evading the predatory saber-toothed cat hot on one’s trail) that allows for the rapid metabolism and reuptake of cortisol, the average modern environment wherein these stimuli normally reside does not automatically provide for the ability to address excessive cortisol production. Constant cortisol production and the reported “cortisol drip” resulting from the recurring or sustained response to a fight-or-flight stimulus, in addition to the effects of one of cortisol’s primary attributes, immune suppression, has been attributed to acute physiological and psychological tension and related ailments.

This remarkable survival mechanism increases not only muscular work potential, endurance, and metabolism, but also naturally increases the intrinsic nutrient and mineral requirements of every cell affected to allow for increased survivability. Anciently, after having survived an encounter with the hungry wildcat, our ancestor might have restored any spent nutrients by feasting on foods high in protein for muscle repair and dried or preserved fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins that were grown in unadulterated soil still replete with minerals; all of which were also harvested by our ancestor’s hand or family. In today’s world of modern conveniences, this natural survival response is triggered by very different stimuli than those of our ancestors, but the physiochemical response is still the same. With every significant intracellular increase of nutrient and mineral requirement, triggered by the influence of cortisol, there is also a significant increase in cellular waste production and nutrient depletion. Where cortisol remains in circulation, stimulating this survival response, abnormally high cellular function takes a physical toll on the affected cells, resulting in the symptom known as stress. The major difference in today’s society, when compared to our ancestral predecessor’s, is the ever increasing prolonged duration of bodily exposure to the fight-or-flight response.

As part of the natural survival response process, the propensity for vitamin and mineral depletion is ever present. With unnatural prolonged exposure to this mechanism, depletion of essential nutrients is not only likely but guaranteed without proper dietary or supplemental intake. Major nutrients affected by stress include vitamins such as vitamins C, B, and D, in their various forms, right along with magnesium, calcium, and other crucial electrolytes. Very often, in an effort to address the environmental and psychological stressors that continuously trigger the fight-or-flight response, it is easy to completely forget or disregard the immense physiological requirements of this process.

Numerous techniques across hundreds of centuries have provided ample tools for the reduction of psychological stressors as well as for managing our natural survival response to stimuli. Modern studies have indicated a dramatic reduction in intracellular magnesium and other vitamin and mineral concentrations correlating to stress and the “cortisol drip.” In addition to methods of stress-management and the use of adaptogenic techniques (e.g. physical exercise, adequate nutrition and sleeping habits, herbal medicinals, effective breathing, etc.), replenishment of essential magnesium to allow for adequate relaxation following any period of tension or muscular exertion, no matter the stressors, is vital to addressing the afflictions of stress and stress-related illness.

The results of stress can be short-term or long-term, depending on our overall health and how we address the associated physical and psychological stressors and reactions. Some common triggers of stress are:

  • Physiological
    • Nutritional imbalances, malnutrition
    • Poor interstitial pH regulation
    • Drugs, low quality supplements, alcohol, tobacco and additives
    • Radiation
  • Physical Trauma
    • Pregnancy & childbirth
    • Accidents, burns
    • Chemotherapy, Radiation, Surgery
    • Exhaustion, fatigue
    • Muscular atrophy
  • Environmental
    • Pollution
    • Excess sensory excitation including noise, vibration, flashing lights
  • Psychological
    • Mood disorders, depression
    • Conflict, anxiety, anger, rage
    • Aggravation, frustration, pressure, loss

Stressful stimuli cause the hypothalamus to activate the adrenal medulla via the sympathetic nerve impulses and the adrenal cortex via hormonal signals. When the body is activated to fight-or-flight by some short-term stressor, the sympathetic nervous system is mobilized: Blood glucose levels rise, blood vessels constrict and the heart beats faster (together raising the blood pressure), blood is diverted from temporarily nonessential organs to the heart and skeletal muscles, and preganglionic sympathetic nerve endings weaving through the adrenal medulla signal for release of catecholamines, which reinforce and prolong the fight-or-flight response. While catecholamines cause fairly brief responses to stressors, adrenocortical hormones promote long-lasting body responses to stressors.

Short-Term Stress Response Long-Term / Prolonged Stress Response
Increased heart rate Retention of sodium and water by kidneys
Increase blood pressure Increased blood volume and blood pressure
Liver converts glycogen to glucose and releases glucose to blood Proteins and fats converted to glucose or broken down for energy
Dilation of bronchioles Increased blood glucose
Changes in blood flow patterns leading to decreased digestive system activity and reduced urine output Suppression of immune system
Increase metabolic rate

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Because of magnesium’s role in regulating muscle contraction, and the release of neurotransmitters related to muscular activity, physical sensations of relaxation are likely to occur. Calcium re-uptake, a process that is enabled by magnesium, allows for more effective “rest” periods between contractions within muscle fibers and tissues.

Magnesium by nature is hygroscopic (attracts and holds water molecules from the surrounding environment) and so, therefore, every application of magnesium orally is readily expected to produce subtle to drastic laxative effects on the bowel. Magnesium sulfate (Epsom salt) is commonly used as a stool softener and laxative. Magnesium chloride has also been sometimes used orally for this purpose, but is regarded too readily absorbed by the bowel, despite low gut magnesium absorption in general, making it an inferior laxative when compared to magnesium sulfate. The laxative properties of ingested magnesium suggest marginal intracellular absorption at best while the continuous use of laxative substances has been widely attributed to exacerbation of gastrointestinal afflictions such as bowel sensitivity, diarrhea, electrolyte imbalance, and dehydration.

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Mind and Memory

Our world is a busy one and the more advanced our technology becomes to “save us time” the opposite seems to be happening. With all this busyness it can be hard to “power down” our brains, making restful sleep but a dream!

Because even marginal magnesium deficiency can cause muscle spasms, irregular heartbeat, and hyper-excitability, it is quite easy for low magnesium levels to set off insomnia. Much as magnesium reduces nerve conduction in the muscles, it can also slow down neuronal activities in the brain. By reducing the electrical conduction between brain cells, magnesium reduces the “noise” signals that cause anxiety and sleeplessness. Instead, it induces calm and promotes sedation.

Magnesium deficiency has been attributed to reduced neural function and increased muscular tension and stress. It has been accepted in modern and eclectic medical philosophy that muscular tension and ailment inhibits mental clarity, memory, and focus. Memory is the storage and retrieval of information. Memories are essential for learning and incorporating our experiences into behavior and are part and parcel of our consciousness. Stored somewhere in the three pounds of wrinkled brain are zip codes, the face of your grandmother, and the taste of yesterday’s lunch. Your memories truly reflect your lifetime.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Tsinghua University in Beijing researchers found that increasing brain magnesium using a newly developed compound, magnesium-L-threonate (MgT), improves learning abilities, working memory, and short-term and long-term memory because [magnesium] is an essential ion for normal cellular functions and body health, many physiological functions are impaired with the reduction of body [magnesium].

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Emotional and Spiritual

In addition to the benefits of essential magnesium supplementation, magnesite (a naturally occurring magnesium carbonate crystal) has been suggested in the promotion of a calming emotional and meditative state with emphasis on clarity and enhanced focus. Meditation has been widely employed by numerous fields both modern and eclectic to reduce mental and physical tension and illness arising from stress and trauma.

The ability to rest and relax after exercise and physical exertion of any kind is paramount in the human body’s ability to regenerate and rejuvenate. Methods of mental and physical release of tension both physiologically, through nutrient and medicinal supplementation, and psychologically, through meditation, constructive recreation, and prayer, have been readily employed in countless fields both ancient and modern.

The emotional and spiritual impact of magnesium, as it acts upon the muscle and nerve tissues of the body, cannot be ignored.

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Delivery Methods

Like most nutritional and medicinal supplementation, magnesium is delivered into the body in a number of ways, which are addressed below in the order of greatest absorption efficiency.


Intravenous (IV) delivery of magnesium, in various solutions and applications, is clinically proven to be the fastest, most effective means of increasing intracellular and serum magnesium. Magnesium dilates both the epicardial and resistance coronary arteries in humans. Furthermore, the coronary arterial response to magnesium is dose dependent and independent of endothelium derived nitric oxide (EDNO). Intravenous delivery is not likely to be a practical source for personal and home supplementation.

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Current research into medical and natural transdermal medicinal application is ongoing and exciting. The human skin has been considered naturally impermeable in the past, but current studies and several drug and medicinal applications have illuminated the truly absorptive nature of this amazing organ.

Magnesium, as found in compounds such as magnesium chloride, is readily absorbed through the skin and processed through the liver and kidneys, bypassing the usual stomach and bowel upset and sensitivity that is so prevalent in oral magnesium supplementation. Excess magnesium is easily and effectively excreted through the urinary tract without the loss of other essential electrolytes. Transdermal applications as detailed below are effective, simple, and convenient! Because of the limitations in effective bowel absorption of oral magnesium supplements, the application of topical magnesium allows for a significantly higher degree of magnesium absorption than ever before.

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Foot Soak

In addition to the base of the spine (lumbar region) and the scalp, the bottom of the foot is widely considered to be one of the most absorptive skin surfaces, if simply by manner of application. Optimum transdermal absorption requires direct exposure to a highly soluble medicinal substance, such as magnesium chloride, for anywhere between 10 and 30 minutes (20 to 30 minutes recommended). Soaking the feet in a solution of magnesium chloride and water (room temperature or mildly warmed to open the pores) is a practical application in that it provides for just such an extended period of exposure to a mildly saturated solution. Other than the feet, exposure of any other skin surface (e.g. the palms of the hands and the scalp) for this length of time may not only be impractical but also highly inconvenient. A magnesium chloride foot soak is ideal for rapid, intensive transdermal magnesium supplementation.

In the human body, the extremities have been known traditionally for decreased circulatory efficiency, so it is easy to wonder why ` the feet is the most highly recommended application. The answer is fairly simple in that the longer any part of the skin is exposed to a therapeutic solution of magnesium chloride, the greater the localized magnesium saturation is expected to occur. With rapidly increasing magnesium levels in the lower extremities, the nervous system detects the higher concentrations and increases circulation in an attempt to disperse and balance electrolytic solutions rapidly and effectively throughout the system. This is a perfectly natural and beneficial response to the rapid increase of magnesium and constitutes mechanisms whereby capillary vasodilation is triggered by signals from the medulla of the brainstem via the autonomic nervous system.

When addressing conditions of magnesium deficiency, it is important to significantly increase intracellular magnesium to restore the mineral balance where very often it may not be enough to mildly supplement, as is done with most methods of dietary or topical supplementation. Soaking the feet provides for an optimal and essential increase of intracellular absorption and dispersal at higher milligram concentrations than can be taken orally or even applied to the skin topically.

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Tub Soak

The same principles that apply to magnesium chloride foot soaks also apply to soaking in the tub. Larger volumes of water, however, tend to reduce total magnesium saturation in the solution itself which may require prolonged exposure times – usually exceeding those effective for soaking the feet.

Whole body soaking in magnesium chloride solution not only allows for rapid absorption of the mineral, but also applies direct magnesium supplementation to every sore muscle and joint submerged in the solution. In sports medicine, magnesium sulfate (Epsom salt) has been used traditionally to alleviate muscular spasm and soreness following physical exertion, but actual supplementation is limited and requires large quantities of the salt for effective application. Magnesium sulfate is a very effective detoxifier but relatively low amounts of magnesium will be absorbed by the body. Comparatively, magnesium chloride’s superior absorbability allows for lesser volume with more effective delivery of the mineral to sore muscles and tissues.

Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Bath Crystals are the dry, crystal form (hexahydrate) of magnesium chloride, are highly concentrated, and more economical for use in large volumes of water. Magnesium Oil (USP magnesium chloride) may be used in baths, but the crystal form (hexahydrate) of magnesium chloride is recommended for whole body soaking.

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Anointed (topical)

Prized by athletes, chiropractors, and massage/bodywork practitioners, magnesium may be applied liberally to almost every surface of the body for localized relief of muscle soreness, tension, and aches. Limited use quantities, however, render this degree of application less effective for overall intracellular supplementation versus magnesium foot and whole body soaks.

Simple anointing, such as spraying or lightly rubbing magnesium chloride over afflicted areas is reported to aid in the mild relaxation of sore muscles and to speed overall muscle recovery following exercise.

Direct massage application of this essential mineral combines the chemical benefits of magnesium with highly beneficial mechanical manipulation of muscles and connective tissues, increasing magnesium’s localized effectiveness in reducing muscle soreness, tension, and muscle recovery time following physical exercise.

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When using magnesium in place of, or as an ingredient in, toothpaste, both magnesium chloride ( Magnesium Oil) and magnesium carbonate (Magnesium Snow) are not only beneficial to bone and gum health in general, but they are also naturally astringent, increasing salivation and localized blood flow to the gums and surrounding tissues. As people age the gingiva (gum) recedes and gaps appear around the teeth and roots. The astringent properties of Magnesium Oil and Magnesium Snow tighten loose gum tissue, helping to slow recession and root decay.

Some concern has been voiced as to the alkalizing effect of magnesium in the mouth, purporting the necessity of maintaining a slightly reduced oral pH (higher acidity) in order to manage detrimental bacteria. However, recent studies show that a significant population of “friendly flora” bacteria and fungi exist within the oral cavities that may, under slightly increased oral pH (higher alkalinity), compete with detrimental microorganisms associated with tooth and gum decay as part of a natural defense mechanism.

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Oral or Ingested

Ingestion of magnesium orally has been popularized as the primary and sometimes sole manner in which magnesium supplementation can occur, depending on the research and fields of thought surrounding magnesium use. There are generally two types of studies performed for magnesium supplementation – intravenous and oral – and, as mentioned earlier, IV supplementation is not a viable option for most people. The results of such scientific studies are inconclusive when it comes to magnesium supplementation and conditions like hypertension. That being said, in light of current and past studies on the transdermal application of magnesium, and many other medicinal substances, this information regarding oral magnesium must be respected as simply outdated. Ratios and rates of absorption through the bowel are consistent, however, as well as the laxative nature of the mineral itself, and should be taken into consideration when oral magnesium supplementation is intended. In order for oral magnesium to be absorbed by the intestines for distribution throughout the body it needs to remain in the large intestine for 12 to 24 hours. When enough is consumed to be of significant value at the cellular level, diarrhea generally ensues causing the ingested magnesium to be eliminated. Reducing the amount ingested to “bowel tolerance” eliminates the rapid elimination but also extends the length of time for notable intracellular benefit – which could be years.

At Heath and Wisdom we are huge fans of a healthy colon and it is important that our customers understand that, even though you may not have diarrhea when taking oral magnesium, you are still TAKING A LAXATIVE! The laxative effect of magnesium appears to come through two different mechanisms.

  1. Magnesium relaxes the muscles in the intestines which helps to establish a smoother rhythm.
  2. Magnesium also attracts water (hygroscopic); this increased amount of water in the colon serves to soften the stool, helping to make stools easier to pass.

While this may actually be a relief to some, the long-term potential for addiction to laxatives should not be ignored, particularly if oral magnesium products are administered regularly. Transdermal magnesium does NOT impact the bowel unless one is also taking oral magnesium in which case the topical is so quickly absorbed that the oral is excessive for the bowel. For a healthy bowel it is always a better option to improve the lifestyle and diet by increasing fiber (fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains), water, exercise, etc.

A suitable alternative to magnesium ingestion, other than a number of more effective transdermal applications, is the use of magnesium chloride specifically as an ingredient in an oral rinse and gargling solution where the solution itself is not swallowed. A comparatively significant amount of magnesium is absorbed through the capillaries of the mouth, versus ingested magnesium, with only marginal amounts of the mineral actually reaching the stomach, thereby avoiding stomach upset and associated bowel sensitivity altogether.

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Hydration, Nutrition, and Exercise


We have all heard some variation of the quote by Samuel Taylor Coleridge

“Water, water, everywhere,
And all the boards did shrink;
Water, water, everywhere,
Nor any drop to drink.”
  ~ The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

Bottled, spring, distilled, well, soft, hard, reverse osmosis, chlorinated, fluoridated, rain, and many other options for simple water! Then there is the question of the packaging: plastic, stainless steel, glass, or straight out of the hose? Is there ANY scientific evidence that one is better than another? Do you really need 8-10 glasses of water a day for optimal health? Is there a difference worthy of the added price for purchased water? Likely not. Consider this: While the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets standards over drinking water, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has jurisdiction over bottled water, and since the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974, nearly every regulation put forth by one agency has been echoed by the other. Neither agency has any regulatory authority over private well water which should be tested annually for contamination, more frequently as necessary. People with compromised immune systems – HIV/AIDS, cancer patients, those on long-term steroid use, the elderly – could benefit from bottled water over tap or well water. Tap, mineral, and bottled waters can also be sources of magnesium, but the amount of magnesium in water varies by source and brand (ranging from 1 mg/L to more than 120 mg/L). Of course the same hygroscopic and laxative principles apply to fortified water as other oral magnesium supplements.

Water is required by the human body and, based on scientific evaluation; the preferred variety we choose to consume appears to matter little. What should matter is what you can do to improve satiety in the water you DO consume and use. Although not a source for dietary magnesium, Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Prills effectively reduce water’s overall surface tension to increase cellular hydration and the usability of water in drinking water, teas, juicing, and cooking. Even plants love Prill Water! Kiln-hardened for prolonged durability that lasts for years, Magnesium Prills’ unique effects on water have also been shown to enhance the surfactant properties of soaps and detergents when added during laundry wash cycles and in baths, allowing for less soap used and increased personal and home financial savings!

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Dietary Magnesium Requirements

Magnesium is needed for bone, protein, making new cells, activating B vitamins, relaxing nerves and muscles, clotting blood, and in energy production. Insulin secretion and function also requires magnesium. Magnesium also assists in the absorption of calcium, vitamin C, and potassium. As discussed above deficiency may result in fatigue, nervousness, insomnia, heart problems, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, muscle weakness, and cramps – among other things.

The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of magnesium broken down by sex, age, and condition is as follows: 

Age Male Female Pregnancy Lactation
Birth to 6 months 30 mg* 30 mg*
7–12 months 75 mg* 75 mg*
1–3 years 80 mg 80 mg
4–8 years 130 mg 130 mg
9–13 years 240 mg 240 mg
14–18 years 410 mg 360 mg 400 mg 360 mg
19–30 years 400 mg 310 mg 350 mg 310 mg
31–50 years 420 mg 320 mg 360 mg 320 mg
51+ years 420 mg 320 mg

*Adequate Intake (AI)

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Food Sources of Magnesium

Magnesium is widely distributed in plant and animal foods and in beverages. Green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, legumes, nuts, seeds, and whole grains are good sources. In general, foods containing dietary fiber provide magnesium. Magnesium is also added to some breakfast cereals and other fortified foods. Some types of food processing, such as refining grains in ways that remove the nutrient-rich germ and bran, lower magnesium content substantially. Selected food sources of magnesium are listed in the table below.

Approximately 30% to 40% of the dietary magnesium consumed is typically absorbed by the body.

Food Milligrams (mg) per

Percent DV*
Almonds, dry roasted, 1 ounce 80 20
Spinach, boiled, ½ cup 78 20
Cashews, dry roasted, 1 ounce 74 19
Peanuts, oil roasted, ¼ cup 63 16
Cereal, shredded wheat, 2 large biscuits 61 15
Soymilk, plain or vanilla, 1 cup 61 15
Black beans, cooked, ½ cup 60 15
Edamame, shelled, cooked, ½ cup 50 13
Peanut butter, smooth, 2 tablespoons 49 12
Bread, whole wheat, 2 slices 46 12
Avocado, cubed, 1 cup 44 11
Potato, baked with skin, 3.5 ounces 43 11
Rice, brown, cooked, ½ cup 42 11
Yogurt, plain, low fat, 8 ounces 42 11
Breakfast cereals, fortified with 10% of the DV for magnesium 40 10
Oatmeal, instant, 1 packet 36 9
Kidney beans, canned, ½ cup 35 9
Banana, 1 medium 32 8
Salmon, Atlantic, farmed, cooked, 3 ounces 26 7
Milk, 1 cup 24–27 6–7
Halibut, cooked, 3 ounces 24 6
Raisins, ½ cup 23 6
Chicken breast, roasted, 3 ounces 22 6
Beef, ground, 90% lean, pan broiled, 3 ounces 20 5
Broccoli, chopped and cooked, ½ cup 12 3
Rice, white, cooked, ½ cup 10 3
Apple, 1 medium 9 2
Carrot, raw, 1 medium 7 2

*DV = Daily Value. DVs were developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to help consumers compare the nutrient contents of products within the context of a total diet. The DV for magnesium is 400 mg for adults and children aged 4 and older. However, the FDA does not require food labels to list magnesium content unless a food has been fortified with this nutrient. Foods providing 20% or more of the DV are considered to be high sources of a nutrient.

This chart provides a list of various foods in various categories known to be high in magnesium.

Fruits Vegetables Nuts Meat and Proteins Highest Legumes











Passion Fruit


Prickly Pear


Amaranth leaves


Butternut squash

French Beans

Lima Beans




Swiss Chard


Brazil Nuts





Pine Nuts/Pignolias

Pumpkin Seeds



Wheat - Durum

Wheat - Hard Red

Wheat - Hard White

Cheddar Cheese









Goat Milk

Soy Beans

Soy Milk

Low fat Yogurt
Adzuki Beans

Black Beans

Black Eye Peas


Navy Beans

Pinto Beans

Soy Beans

White Beans

Winged Beans

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Despite the desire of many for the single, ground-breaking product that will guarantee weight loss, magnesium is not the answer! While magnesium is essential to obtaining and maintaining healthy cellular function and proper mineral balance throughout the entire human body, it will not specifically promote weight loss. Companies that tout weight loss results from magnesium ingredients in their featured products are appealing to desperate consumers in a cheap marketing scheme to ensnare a rapidly growing market base. Sadly, the number of consumers wasting valuable resources on magnesium for weight loss is growing.

Choosing the diet that is right for you is vital to your health and available choices are almost limitless. With each new day there appears to be a new “latest, greatest” diet plan that is the only one that works for everyone. Of course this is rubbish! Regardless, there are a few universal standards that apply to overall improved health and these include avoiding highly processed, chemical laden foods, supplements, and drinks. Whatever the specific diet or eating plan you choose, it is crucial that you choose only the freshest, cleanest, and highest quality foods and supplements – including vitamins and minerals – available in today’s ever widening market. The single most important thing you can learn from Health and Wisdom is:

Learn to listen to your body ~ then act accordingly!

The human body is an amazing machine and, when we take time to pay attention to the little things such as aches, pains, emotions, stressors, diet, exercise, breathing, hydration, etc. we begin to notice definite patterns. For some the number of meals, time of day, combining certain foods together while avoiding other food groups entirely works for them. Other specialty diets include using the blood type as the determining factor for the foods they eat; eating lots of carbohydrates or zero carbohydrates; high fat or no fat; all grain or no grain; raw food or cooked food – the options are profuse. At Health and Wisdom we prefer people choose a life-style instead of diet. Diets are generally thought of in a negative way and, therefore, are doomed to fail. While many nutritionists and natural healers believe we should include items from every food group it does not mean we should combine them all at the same meal.

Making major changes in your life all at once can be difficult to sustain. Small, deliberate steps very often prove to be the most beneficial in the long run. Keep track of any changes you are making, along with the progress (or regress), and adjust your plan as necessary. Life is meant to be lived!

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Much like water and diets, there is an ever increasing supply of “perfect” exercise programs available. It’s often stated that the hardest part of completing an exercise program is starting! Everything you do today, that is more than yesterday, is an improvement. Be sure to be smart. Stretching out before and after exercising prevents injury and there is nothing worse than finally deciding to exercise, jump in with all you have only to get hurt and have to stop and wait for the healing and subsequent therapy that could follow.

Physical strength is extremely important as we age. Not to say everyone should become body builders but that regular strengthening exercises help keep us young. Aerobic (e.g. walking, jogging) and anaerobic (e.g. weight lifting, sprinting) exercises are both needed for overall health and vitality. Listening to your body is important, as is learning to differentiate between different forms of pain. Exercise should never involve acute tearing pain while soreness from the workout itself is very natural.

TODAY is a reality,
TOMORROW is a promise,
YESTERDAY was history.
A person who thinks only of doing something is
usually passed by someone who is already doing it. – Billy Blanks

Most importantly – whatever form of exercise you choose, it is imperative you use magnesium topically, as a foot soak, or tub soak to reduce muscle recover time and restore magnesium lost during exercise!

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Forms of Magnesium

Below is a list of many different forms of magnesium with some of the properties and common uses. It should be remembered that all ingested (oral) forms of magnesium are laxatives and not recommended for regular, internal use by Health and Wisdom.

Magnesium acetate is the magnesium salt of acetic acid. It is deliquescent and upon heating, it decomposes to form magnesium oxide.

Magnesium aluminide is an intermetallic compound of magnesium and aluminum. Like many intermetallics, its compounds often have unusual stoichiometries with large and complex unit cells.

Magnesium aspartate, the magnesium salt of aspartic acid, is a mineral supplement.

Magnesium benzoate is a chemical compound formed from magnesium and benzoic acid. It was once used to treat gout and arthritis.

Magnesium bromide is a chemical compound of magnesium and bromine that is white and deliquescent. It is often used as a mild sedative and as an anticonvulsant for treatment of nervous disorders. It is water soluble and somewhat soluble in alcohol. It can be found naturally in small amounts in some minerals such as: bischofite and carnallite, and in sea water, such as that of the Dead Sea.

Magnesium carbonate is a white solid that occurs in nature as a mineral. Magnesium carbonate is also used in flooring, fireproofing, fire extinguishing compositions, cosmetics, dusting powder, and toothpaste. Other applications are as filler material, smoke suppressant in plastics, a reinforcing agent in neoprene rubber, a drying agent, a laxative to loosen the bowels, and color retention in foods. In addition, high purity magnesium carbonate is used as antacid and as an additive in table salt to keep it free flowing. Because of its water-insoluble, hygroscopic properties MgCO3 was first added to salt in 1911 to make the salt flow more freely. The Morton Salt company adopted the slogan "When it rains it pours" in reference to the fact that its salt would not stick together in humid weather.

  • Magnesium carbonate, most often referred to as chalk, is used as a drying agent for hands in rock climbing, gymnastics, and weight lifting.
  • Magnesium carbonate is also used in taxidermy for whitening skulls. It can be mixed with hydrogen peroxide to create a paste, which is then spread on the skull to give it a white finish. This mixture is also used to whiten teeth and the astringent properties tighten gums. Adding magnesium carbonate to any oral hygiene regimen is beneficial.
  • Magnesium carbonate hydroxide is used to form clay in face masks, it has mild astringent properties and helps to smooth and soften (normal and dry) skin.
  • The only known side effect of magnesium as a food additive is that it may work as a laxative in high concentrations.
  • Magnesium carbonate itself is not toxic. However, its excessive use may cause central nervous system depression and cardiac disturbances. It is slightly hazardous in case of skin and eye contact and may cause respiratory and digestive tract irritation in case of ingestion or inhalation.
  • This is Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Snow.

Magnesium chloride is typical ionic halides, being highly soluble in water. The hydrated magnesium chloride can be extracted from brine or sea water. Magnesium chloride as the natural mineral bischofite is also extracted (solution mining) out of ancient sea beds, for example the Zechstein seabed in northwest Europe and the Permian Period seabed in the central U.S.; wells; oceans; and natural brine lakes, such as the Dead Sea and the Great Salt Lake.

  • Anhydrous magnesium chloride is the principal precursor to magnesium metal, which is produced on a large scale. Hydrated magnesium chloride (hexahydrate) is the form usually used in prescription oral magnesium supplements.
  • Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Oil (magnesium chloride) is mined as a liquid and is not reconstituted magnesium chloride hexahydrate. This form of magnesium chloride is also the base of our Magnesium Oil with Aloe Vera, Magnesium Gel, and Magnesium Gel with Aloe Vera.

Magnesium citrate, a magnesium salt of citric acid, is a chemical agent used medicinally as a saline laxative and to empty the bowel prior to a surgery or colonoscopy. It is available without a prescription, both as a generic brand or under the brand name Citromag or Citroma. It is also used as a magnesium supplement in pills. The magnesium content of magnesium citrate corresponds to about 11% by mass.

  • Magnesium citrate works by attracting water through the tissues by a process known as osmosis. Once in the intestine, it can attract enough water into the intestine to induce defecation. The additional water helps to create more feces, which naturally stimulates bowel motility. This means it can also be used to treat rectal and colon problems. Magnesium citrate functions best on an empty stomach, and should always be followed with a full (eight ounce) glass of water or juice to help the magnesium citrate absorb properly and help prevent any complications. Magnesium citrate is generally not a harmful substance, but care should be taken to consult with a health professional if any adverse health problems are suspected or felt.
  • Magnesium citrate, as a supplement in pill form, is also cited as useful for the prevention of kidney stones.

Magnesium diboride is a simple ionic binary compound that has proven to be an inexpensive and useful superconducting material.

Magnesium diglutamate is a magnesium acid salt of glutamic acid. It is used in foods as a flavor enhancer.

Magnesium diuranate is a compound of uranium. It is known in the uranium refining industry as "MDU" and forms the major part of some yellowcake mixtures. Yellowcakes are an intermediate product in the uranium refining process.

Magnesium fluoride is a white crystalline salt and is transparent over a wide range of wavelengths, with commercial uses in optics.

Magnesium gluconate is the magnesium salt of gluconic acid. There are data on the pharmacological properties of magnesium gluconate. Gluconic acid is the initial substrate for the reactions of pentose phosphate path of oxidation of glucose, so it was suggested that it may affect the energy metabolism of mitochondria. In Ukraine, magnesium gluconate, together with potassium gluconate in the drug "Rhythmocor" is used to treat heart disease. Pilot studies have shown efficacy in various cardiac arrhythmia. There is evidence that magnesium gluconate improves physical performance. This is possible due to the fact that structural gluconic acid is a component of pangamic acid, previously widely used in sports.

Magnesium hydride contains 7.66% by weight of hydrogen and has been studied as a potential hydrogen storage medium.

Magnesium hydroxide when suspended in water, it is often called milk of magnesia because of its milk-like appearance. The solid mineral form of magnesium hydroxide is known as brucite.

  • Magnesium hydroxide is a common component of antacids and laxatives; it interferes with the absorption of folic acid and iron. Magnesium hydroxide has low solubility in water; all of magnesium hydroxide that does dissolve does dissociate. Since the dissociation of this small amount of dissolved magnesium hydroxide is complete, magnesium hydroxide is considered a strong electrolyte. Its low solubility makes it a weak base.

Magnesium iodide is typical ionic halides, being highly soluble in water. Magnesium iodide has few commercial uses but can be used to prepare compounds for organic synthesis.

Magnesium lactate, the magnesium salt of lactic acid, is a mineral supplement and is added to some food and beverages as an acidity regulator.

Magnesium levulinate, the magnesium salt of levulinic acid, is a mineral supplement.

Magnesium L-threonate is a magnesium salt of L-threonic acid.

  • Researchers have found that magnesium L-threonate administered to rats significantly boosts their cognitive abilities, and suggest that the same effect may occur in humans, although further testing is required.

Magnesium malate, the magnesium salt of malic acid, is a mineral supplement.

Magnesium nitrate is very soluble in both water and ethanol. Magnesium nitrate occurs in mines and caverns as nitromagnesite. This form is not common, although it may be present where guano contacts magnesium-rich rock. It is used in the ceramics, printing, chemical and agriculture industries. Fertilizer blends containing magnesium nitrate usually have ammonium nitrate, calcium nitrate, potassium nitrate and micronutrients; these blends are used in the greenhouse and hydroponics trade. Since magnesium nitrate has a high affinity for water it is occasionally used as a desiccant.

Magnesium nitride is an inorganic compound of magnesium and nitrogen. At room temperature and pressure it is a greenish yellow powder. Magnesium nitride was the catalyst in the first practical synthesis of borazon (cubic boron nitride).

Magnesium orotate, the magnesium salt of orotic acid, is a mineral supplement.

Magnesium oxide, or magnesia, is a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase and is a source of magnesium. It is formed by an ionic bond between one magnesium and one oxygen atom. Magnesium oxide is hygroscopic in nature and care must be taken to protect it from moisture.

  • Magnesium oxide was historically known as magnesia alba (literally, the white mineral from magnesia), to differentiate it from magnesia negra, a black mineral containing what is now known as manganese.
  • Magnesium oxide has a variety of uses. A refractory material is one that is physically and chemically stable at high temperatures. By far the largest consumer of magnesia worldwide is the refractory industry, which consumed about 56% of the magnesia in the United States in 2004, the remaining 44% being used in agricultural, chemical, construction, environmental, and other industrial applications.
  • Magnesium oxide is one of the raw materials for making Portland cement in dry process plants and is an efficient moisture absorbent used by many libraries for preserving books.
  • In medicine, magnesium oxide is used for relief of heartburn and sour stomach, as an antacid, magnesium supplement (although only about four to ten percent of the label dosage is reportedly absorbed by the body), and as a short-term laxative. It is also used to improve symptoms of indigestion. Magnesium oxide should not be taken with other antacids or acid reflux medication that limit or reduce stomach acid. Side effects of magnesium oxide may include nausea and cramping. In quantities sufficient to obtain a laxative effect, side effects of long-term use include enteroliths resulting in bowel obstruction.
  • Other uses of magnesium oxide include:
    • As an insulator in industrial cables, as a basic refractory material for crucibles and as a principal fireproofing ingredient in construction materials. As a construction material, magnesium oxide wallboards have several attractive characteristics: fire resistance, moisture resistance, mold and mildew resistance, and strength.
    • As a reference white color in colorimetry, owing to its good diffusing and reflectivity properties. It may be smoked onto the surface of an opaque material to form an integrating sphere.
    • Used extensively in electrical heating as a component of "CalRod"-styled heating elements. There are several mesh sizes available and most commonly used ones are 40 and 80 mesh per the American Foundry Society. The extensive use is due to its high dielectric strength and average thermal conductivity. It is usually crushed and compacted with minimal air gaps or voids. The electrical heating industry also experimented with aluminum oxide, but it is not used anymore.
    • Pressed magnesium oxide is used as an optical material. Crystalline pure magnesium oxide is available commercially and has small use in infrared optics.
    • It is packed around transuranic waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, to control the solubility of radionuclides.
    • It is also used as a protective coating in plasma displays.
    • Magnesium oxide treats water by decreasing surface tension, and creating smaller molecular water clusters. This treated water is beneficial for drinking, teas, cooking, watering plants, and increases the effectiveness of surfactant soaps and detergents used in laundry washing machines and in the bath – anyplace you use water, water treated by magnesium oxide is beneficial.
  • This is Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Prills.

Magnesium perchlorate is a powerful oxidizing agent. It is sold under the trade name anhydrone. It was used as a desiccant to dry gas or air samples, but is no longer advised due to hazards inherent in perchlorates. It is dried by heating at 250 °C under vacuum.

Magnesium peroxide is a fine powder peroxide with a white to off-white color. It is similar to calcium peroxide because magnesium peroxide also releases oxygen by breaking down at a controlled rate with a hydrous fluid. Besides this it can be used in bleaching, disinfecting, and deodorizing.

  • Magnesium peroxide, being environmentally benign, and its stable oxygen release are used widely in the cosmetic, agricultural, pharmaceutical, and environmental industries. It is used to reduce contaminant levels in groundwater. Magnesium peroxide is used in the bioremediation of contaminated soil and can improve the soil quality for plant growth and metabolism. It is also used in the aquaculture industry for bioremediation.
  • Commercially, magnesium peroxide exists as a form of compound of magnesium peroxide and magnesium hydroxide. One medical use is as a mild laxative.

Magnesium phosphate is a general term for salts of magnesium and phosphate appearing in three forms with various forms used as laxatives and antacids.

  • Magnesium phosphate monobasic
  • Magnesium phosphate dibasic
  • Magnesium phosphate tribasic

Magnesium pidolate, the magnesium salt of pidolic acid (pyroglutamic acid), is a mineral supplement.

Magnesium salicylate is a common analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat mild to moderate muscular pain. It is also used to treat headaches, general back pain, and certain joint pains like arthritis.

  • It is found in a variety of over-the-counter (OTC) medications as an anti-inflammatory, primarily for back-pain relief.
  • Magnesium salicylate can be an effective OTC alternative to prescription NSAIDs, with both anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. Though the recommended dosage is 1160 mg every six hours, per package directions of the Doan's OTC brand (580 mg magnesium salicylate tetrahydrate, equivalent to 467.2 mg anhydrous magnesium salicylate), effective pain relief is often found with a half dosage, with reduced anti-inflammatory results. Note: Doan's extra strength OTC dose is 2 x 580 mg magnesium salicylate tetrahydrate every 6 hours, equivalent to 934.4 mg of anhydrous magnesium salicylate.
  • While magnesium salicylate is an alternative for pain relief, it still is an NSAID like others in its category, without any proven superiority over other over the counter type pain relievers (NSAID).
  • Doan's specifically, and the company producing it, Novartis, have been tried over their claim that the product is superior in providing pain relief. In June 1996, The FTC (Federal Trade Commission) charged the company with violating federal law with its unsubstantiated claim. In March 1998, the court ruled in favor of the FTC but there was no stipulation about how the company should or would have to mend its advertising/packaging. Thus, Doan's is still marketed as a "superior treatment for back pain".

Magnesium silicide is an inorganic compound consisting of magnesium and silicon. As a powder magnesium silicide is dark blue or slightly purple in color. Silicon dioxide found in sand and glass, when heated with magnesium forms magnesium silicide. Magnesium silicide is used to create aluminum alloys of the 6xxx group, containing up to approximately 1.5% magnesium silicide. An alloy of this group can be age-hardened to form Guinier-Preston zones and a very fine precipitate, both resulting in increased strength of the alloy.

Magnesium stearate, also called octadecanoic acid, magnesium salt, is a white substance which is solid at room temperature.

  • Magnesium stearate melts at about 88 °C, is not soluble in water, and is generally considered safe for human consumption at levels below 2500 mg/kg per day. In 1979, FDA's Subcommittee on GRAS (generally recognized as safe) Substances (SCOGS) reported, "There is no evidence in the available information on ... magnesium stearate ... that demonstrates, or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect, a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current and in the manner now practiced, or which might reasonably be expected in the future."
  • Magnesium stearate is often used as a diluent in the manufacture of medical tablets, capsules and powders. In this regard, the substance is also useful, because it has lubricating properties, preventing ingredients from sticking to manufacturing equipment during the compression of chemical powders into solid tablets; magnesium stearate is the most commonly used lubricant for tablets. Studies have shown that as little as 1% of added magnesium stearate may affect the release time of the active ingredients in tablets, etc., but whether it reduces the over-all bioavailability of those ingredients is unpredictable.
  • Magnesium stearate is also used to bind sugar in hard candies and is a common ingredient in baby formulas. It is curious that society accepts the dangers of hydrogenated oil in foods but ignorance abounds when no one considers the addictive properties of this product. When babies are fed this from the start there should be little wonder obesity is more prevalent in children and young adults.
  • Magnesium stearate is manufactured from both animal and vegetable oils, often hydrogenated. Some nutritional supplements specify that the magnesium stearate used is sourced from vegetables.
  • Magnesium stearate is a major component of "bathtub rings". When produced by soap and hard water, magnesium stearate and calcium stearate both form a white solid insoluble in water, and are collectively known as "soap scum".

Magnesium sulfate (or magnesium sulphate) is commonly called Epsom salt, from the town of Epsom in Surrey, England, where the salt was distilled from the springs that arise where the porous chalk of the North Downs meets non-porous London clay. Another hydrate form is kieserite.

  • Anhydrous magnesium sulfate is used as a drying agent. Since the anhydrous form is hygroscopic (readily absorbs water from the air) and is therefore difficult to weigh accurately, the hydrate is often preferred when preparing solutions, for example in medical preparations. Epsom salt has been traditionally used as a component of bath salts.
  • Magnesium sulfate is the primary substance that causes the absorption of sound in seawater. Absorption, in this case, means the conversion of acoustic energy to heat energy. The conversion is a strong function of frequency. Lower frequencies are less affected by the salt, so that the acoustic energy travels much farther in the ocean. Boric acid also contributes to absorption; but the most abundant salt in seawater, sodium chloride, has no known effect on sound absorption.
  • Magnesium sulfates are common minerals in geological environments. Their occurrence is mostly connected with supergene processes. Some of them are also important constituents of evaporitic potassium-magnesium (K-Mg) salts deposits.
  • In agriculture and gardening, magnesium sulfate is used to correct magnesium deficiency in soil, since magnesium is an essential element in the chlorophyll molecule. It is most commonly applied to potted plants, or to magnesium-hungry crops, such as potatoes, roses, tomatoes, peppers and cannabis. The advantage of magnesium sulfate over other magnesium soil amendments (such as dolomitic lime) is its high solubility.
  • Magnesium sulfate is used in bath salts, particularly in flotation therapy where high concentrations raise the bath water's specific gravity, effectively making the body more buoyant. This property is also used to restore some Lava lamps damaged by being shaken by exchanging the water and adding drops of a concentrated solution until sustainable buoyancy is reached. Traditionally, it is also used to prepare foot baths, intended to soothe sore feet. The reason for the inclusion of the salt is partially cosmetic: the increase in ionic strength prevents some of the temporary skin wrinkling ("pruning" – partial maceration) which is caused by prolonged immersion of extremities in pure water. However, magnesium sulfate can also be absorbed into the skin, reducing inflammation. It is also sometimes found in bottled mineral water, and accordingly is sometimes listed in the contents thereof. It may also be used as a coagulant for making tofu.
  • Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate is also used to maintain the magnesium concentration in marine aquaria which contain large amounts of stony corals as it is slowly depleted in their calcification process. In a magnesium-deficient marine aquarium calcium and alkalinity concentrations are very difficult to control because not enough magnesium is present to stabilize these ions in the saltwater and prevent their spontaneous precipitation into calcium carbonate.
  • Magnesium sulfate is often taken orally as a saline laxative. Epsom salt is also available in a gel form for topical application in treating aches and pains.
  • Indications for its internal use are:
    • Replacement therapy for hypomagnesaemia.
    • Magnesium sulfate is the first-line antiarrhythmic agent for torsades de pointes in cardiac arrest under the 2005 ECC guidelines and for managing quinidine-induced arrhythmias.
    • As a bronchodilator after beta-agonist and anticholinergic agents have been tried, e.g. in severe exacerbations of asthma. Recent studies have revealed that magnesium sulfate can be nebulized to reduce the symptoms of acute asthma. It is commonly administered via the intravenous route for the management of severe asthma attacks.
    • A 2004 research study showed that both magnesium and sulfate are absorbed through the skin when bathing in 1% w/v solution.
    • Magnesium sulfate can be used to treat eclampsia in pregnant women.
    • Magnesium sulfate can also delay labor in the case of premature labor, to delay preterm birth.
    • Intravenous magnesium sulfate may be able to prevent cerebral palsy in preterm babies.
  • Indications for topical use are:
    • Magnesium sulfate paste has been used as an agent for dehydrating (drawing) boils, carbuncles, and abscesses.
    • Magnesium sulfate solution has also been shown to be an effective aid in the fight against blemishes and acne when applied directly to problematic areas, usually in poultice form. If combined with water and made into a cream, it can be applied to the face to remove blackheads.
    • Soaking in a warm bath containing Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) can be beneficial to soothe, relax, and relieve herpes outbreak symptoms, such as itching and lesions relating to genital herpes and shingles. Beware of the contagious nature of herpes and do not touch the eyes or mouth when bathing.

Magnesium sulfide is a white crystalline material but often is encountered in an impure form that is brown and non-crystalline powder. It is generated industrially in the production of metallic iron.

Magnesium sulfite is the magnesium salt of sulfurous acid and is used in the manufacture of paper.

Magnesium taurate is a supplement that contains both magnesium mineral and the amino acid taurine. This combination provides better absorption in the intestines.

Magnesium trisilicate is an inorganic compound that is used as a food additive. The additive is often employed by fast food chains to absorb fatty acids and remove impurities that form in edible oils during the frying process.

  • On March 12, 2007, Chinese health authorities seized and halted the use of magnesium trisilicate at Shaanxi Province KFC franchises, suspecting it to be a possible carcinogen.
  • Magnesium trisilicate can be used as an antacid in the treatment of peptic ulcers. It increases the pH of gastric juice via a neutralization reaction. It also precipitates colloidal silica, which can coat gastrointestinal mucosa conferring further protection.
  • It can also be used in oral pharmaceutical formulations and food products as a glidant. It is also used therapeutically as an antacid, and also for the treatment of ciprofloxacin overdose or toxicity.

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Natural Sources of Magnesium Chloride

The Magnesium Chloride, USP grade (United States Pharmacopoeia) from the Great Salt Lake, is the base for Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Oil, Magnesium Oil with Aloe Vera, Magnesium Gel, and Magnesium Gel with Aloe Vera and is tested and purified to remove harmful contaminants. This same Magnesium Chloride is also used as one of the electrolytes in dialysis solutions for kidney patients for whom the specifications for production are controlled and secure.

You can be assured that the mercury level in the Magnesium Chloride base for Health And Wisdom’s liquid magnesium products is below a single part per million ~ a level often so low as to be beyond detection.

You can pull a sample from the Ocean, from the Dead Sea, the Great Salt Lake, the Zechstein seabed in Northwestern Europe, the Permian Period seabed in the central U.S. or a brine well and find levels of several contaminants greater than what is good for humans. You can also pull a sample from these same sources and find very few contaminants; it depends upon where you pull the sample from, the currents, the sources of contamination in the area, etc. Just because the origin sounds romantic does not make it pure and safe “as is” for humans. Every form of refined magnesium must undergo significant filtration and processing requirements to reach a level of purity that is beneficial to the human system. Most sources obtain a semblance of relatively acceptable purity by evaporating magnesium rich brine into dehydrated crystals that are then reconstituted with purified water to the proper solution.

Health and Wisdom’s certified USP grade magnesium chloride is the purest in the United States market. Our Magnesium Oil is not reconstituted magnesium crystals and has been purified and refined in liquid form to ensure the absolute minimum level of impurity possible using modern techniques; generally exceeding governmental requirements. This method of refinement also ensures that the risk of stray dehydrated contaminants remaining affixed to dehydrated crystals is effectively eliminated.

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Magnesium may be supplemented in many ways and with many forms. You are smart and, regardless of the delivery method and magnesium form you choose, we always recommend that you choose the method with which you will be consistent. Numerous studies reveal regular supplementation of magnesium may be beneficial in the following ways:

  • Reduces blood pressure and hypertension
  • Improve endothelial function in patients with coronary artery disease
  • Reduces serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides
  • Improvement of insulin resistance
  • Neuroprotective action in preeclampsia cases
  • Improve diabetes mellitus
  • May play a role in preventing metabolic syndrome
  • Reduces inflammation and oxidative stress
  • Modulates cell growth properties
Health and Wisdom’s magnesium products are an effective, inexpensive, and practical way to reap the benefits of such an amazing, essential mineral. We are determined to provide you with not only the purest, highest quality products you will find in today’s market, but also the Wisdom regarding magnesium that will help you make an informed decision and use it properly for optimum results.

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Health and Wisdom’s Products

Magnesium Oil, USP (Magnesium Chloride)

Health and Wisdom’s Magnesium Oil is 100% pure USP grade magnesium chloride and is the concentrated essence of ancient sea beds found in the United States. Mined in its liquid state (not watered-up crystals) it is odorless and crystal clear. Our Magnesium Oil will not clog pores and contains no added fragrances or drying alcohols that often irritate the skin. Used in foot soaks and topical applications, this magnesium is readily absorbed without the laxative effects or stomach upset prevalent in oral magnesium supplements. 

Contains 3182 mg of elemental magnesium per ounce.

Magnesium Oil with Aloe Vera

Magnesium Oil is combined with pure 100% Organic whole leaf Aloe Vera (A. barbadensis) to bring soothing relief to all skin types. Aloe Vera has a centuries old tradition of use in treatments for ailments of the skin and muscles. When combined with magnesium chloride, the medicinal properties of Aloe Vera are able to affect tissues far more deeply and this unique combination has made these products especially favored by Massage Therapists and other Body Work Practitioners. Magnesium Oil with Aloe Vera is used topically. 

Magnesium Oil with Aloe Vera contains 2387 mg of elemental magnesium per ounce.

Magnesium Gel

Formulated using our pure USP Magnesium Oil as a base, with a proprietary thickening technique derived from natural seaweed, Magnesium Gel is thicker and gentle on sensitive skin. Also containing no added fragrances or drying agents, Magnesium Gel is a versatile product suitable for all skin types and provides essential magnesium supplementation while allowing for increased use in massage. This product may be applied liberally to the body and massaged into the hair and scalp for added benefit. 

Magnesium Gel contains 1591 mg of elemental magnesium per ounce.

Magnesium Gel with Aloe Vera

Magnesium Gel is combined with pure 100% Organic whole leaf Aloe Vera (A. barbadensis) to bring soothing relief to all skin types. Aloe Vera has a centuries old tradition of use in treatments for ailments of the skin and muscles. When combined with magnesium chloride, the medicinal properties of Aloe Vera are able to affect tissues far more deeply and this unique combination has made these products especially favored by Massage Therapists and other Body Work Practitioners. Magnesium Gel with Aloe Vera used in topically. 

Magnesium Gel with Aloe Vera contains 1591 mg of elemental magnesium per ounce.

Magnesium Bath Crystals (Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate)

Our Magnesium Bath Crystals are highly concentrated and provide an economic solution to the costly “magnesium bath dilemma” where large quantities of product are typically used to achieve nominal benefit. These pure crystalline flakes are not diluted with magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts), other forms of magnesium, fragrances, or dyes. A mere 2-3 scoops of our Magnesium Bath Crystals saturate an entire bath with essential, readily absorbed magnesium at fully therapeutic levels. 

Magnesium Bath Crystals contain 2993 mg of elemental magnesium per scoop.

Magnesium Prills (Magnesium Oxide)

Although not a source for dietary magnesium, our Magnesium Prills effectively reduce water’s overall surface tension to increase cellular hydration and the usability of water in drinking, teas, juicing, and cooking. Even plants love Prill Water! Kiln-hardened for prolonged durability that lasts for years, Magnesium Prills’ unique effects on water have also been shown to enhance the surfactant properties of soaps and detergents when added during laundry wash cycles and in baths, allowing for less soap used and increased personal and home financial savings! Use Prills to treat any volume of water from gallons of drinking water to entire baths using a variety of products sized to meet your specific needs. May be used for any task requiring water! Magnesium Prills are not a source for magnesium supplementation.

Magnesium Snow (Magnesium Carbonate)

Magnesium Snow increases localized blood circulation to skin to promote cellular health and restore a natural youthful glow. It is an effective astringent cleanser that will not clog pores and is readily useable in any number of body and facial applications at home or in the spa. Our Magnesium Snow may be added to toothpaste, or combined with Magnesium Oil, Magnesium Oil with Aloe Vera, Magnesium Gel, and Magnesium Gel with Aloe Vera. Apply to the teeth directly as an astringent cleanser and to tighten gums while promoting healthy blood flow, overall oral health, and dental hygiene. To make a facial mask, simply add enough water to Magnesium Snow to make a paste, apply to the face (or area of concern) and allow drying. Lightly rinse with water to wash away the residue to restore youthful radiance and promote a healthy complexion. Magnesium Snow is NOT a source for magnesium supplementation.

Laminar Mica

Commonly found in naturally occurring laminar (sheet) stone in the Rocky Mountains, our Laminar Mica is often employed in Energy Healing techniques, meditation, healing ceremonies, and prayer to instil the calm, grounding influences of pure earth energy into spaces such as home, school, and office and activities i.e. sprinkled in shoes. Use Laminar Mica around your home or office to enhance personal energy levels, mood adjustment, and to provide energy fortification needed for healing and everyday emotional clarity. Do NOT consume.

Fine Ground Laminar

  • Fine Ground Laminar Mica, a powdered form of natural mica, is also a popular addition to natural mineral makeup and skin products to add radiance and a shimmering glow.
  • Fine Ground Laminar Mica may be added to bath water to enhance relaxation, healing, and emotional focus.


This unique blend of non-GMO, organic and/or wild crafted herbs has been meticulously extracted for therapeutic quality that is absorbed quickly into the bloodstream. ViraLib is proving beneficial for viral, bacterial, and fungal infections that affect the integumentary system such as herpes, shingles, warts, and toenail fungus; conditions involving the respiratory and digestive systems such as seasonal colds and flu, sinus, respiratory, mouth, and upper digestive infections; and for circulatory complaints such as elevated blood pressure, anxiousness due to stress, and sleeplessness. Practitioners of Sacred Medicine are finding the list keeps growing. Here is a review of the body systems:

Integumentary System 

The integumentary system comprises skin, and the appendages of skin, such as hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and sensory nerves.

Respiratory Systems

The organs that make up your respiratory system are anything with which you need to breathe. They consist of the lungs, trachea, bronchial tubes, mouth and nose.

Digestive Systems

The organs that make up your digestive system consist of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum), appendix, large intestine (cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, and anus).

Circulatory System 

The cardiovascular system comprises the heart, veins, arteries and capillaries.

Administer ViraLib orally, or by anointing the bottoms of the feet and/or at the site of infection or affectation (shingles, wart, or cold sore, etc.). As all the nerves of the body are associated with the bottom of the feet and the palms of the hands (Reflexology is all about this!), application to the bottom of the feet may have an immediate effect on the corresponding area of the body. Additionally, the soles of the feet, the palms of the hands, a strip of skin running along the spine, and the scalp are among the most absorptive tissues of the body. When you apply Sacred Medicine to these areas, it is absorbed quickly into the bloodstream. To test this for yourself, crush a clove of garlic and rub it on the bottom of your foot. It does not take long before you can taste the garlic in your mouth! This is because part of the Garlic metabolizes in the blood stream and is removed from the body via the lungs. From your foot to the lungs in seconds – amazing isn't it?!

Viruses require the DNA of Host Cells (your cells) to reproduce. This means that they have the ability to attack and inhabit cells of any type of tissue in the body. This includes the tissue of the brain and the spinal cord. As with other transdermal delivery methods described above, you know using the skin as a delivery method may be one of the fastest methods to get healing to the source!

Administered orally, ViraLib will supply the healing herbs through the digestive tract to attack and protect against bacterial and viral attacks while calming the nerves!! Extract of Garlic is much easier to "take" than eating multiple cloves of Garlic daily!!

When aggressive action is taken at the onset of a condition there is less likelihood there will be a full manifestation.

Potassium Iodide

An essential inclusion in any emergency preparedness situation and, when used correctly, this USP Potassium Iodide floods the thyroid gland with safe iodine, potentially inhibiting the assimilation of some related radioisotopes.

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Raise Magnesium levels in as little as 30 days! Purest, Safest, Fastest Magnesium delivery!