Body Systems

Depending on the source one uses, the body systems are divided into up to ten different systems. For our purposes, we will be combining some because they are so interconnected that separating them could be redundant. The systems we will be discussing are:

  • Respiratory System
  • Musculoskeletal (Locomotor) System
  • Nervous System
  • Immune System
  • Digestive / Excretory Systems
  • Cardiovascular (Circulatory) System
  • Integumentary System
  • Endocrine / Reproductive Systems

Magnesium is required within every system of the human body and magnesium deficiency (sometimes including hypomagnesaemia, which is an abnormally low concentration of serum magnesium levels) is likely to result in subtle – or even drastic – imbalance and illness within each system. While not a body system, we will also discuss the impact of magnesium on the mental, emotional, and spiritual states of the human experience.

Structural functions of magnesium include:

  • Proteins structure
  • Polyribosome structure and stability
  • Nucleic acid formation
  • Multiple enzyme complexes and functions
  • Mitochondria energy production and stability
  • Constituent in bone

Calcium antagonists, also known as calcium channel blockers, disrupt the movement of calcium through calcium channels. As magnesium is a calcium antagonist, its impact on the body includes:

  • Muscle contraction/relaxation
  • Neurotransmitter release
  • Action potential conduction in nodal tissue (a small mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers)

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